The Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Act (TRAIN) is the first tax reform package of President Rodrigo Duterte's Comprehensive Tax Reform Program. In its current form, the TRAIN bill will reduce personal income tax rates, address personal income tax "bracket creep,” amend the estate tax, expand the value-added tax base, and remove a number of exemptions currently contained in the value-added tax. It also calls for increased taxes on fuel, new vehicles and coal, and introduces a new tax on sweetened beverages and cosmetics.
After 11 long years, GST has finally become a reality in India. Implementing GST provides an opportunity to remove (or at least mitigate) the weaknesses that both the Centre and States faced with the existing indirect tax structure. With GST, the cascading of tax will almost be eliminated and compliance costs will be minimised -- first by reducing the multiplicity of taxes and then by bringing in technology for taxpayers and taxmen to interact. Transportation and logistics costs will also be drastically reduced, and inter-State check posts will be removed, thereby providing a country-wide Common Economic Market. Finally, GST is a destination-based consumption tax that will pave the way for industry development through improved infrastructure, road networks, and power stations expected to be built with the extra revenue that will go to the States.
Having previously submitted formal comments to the Philippines’ Senate Ways and Means Committee on the Tax Bill Package 1, ITIC was invited to present short comments during a recent Senate hearing.
After 11 long years, the journey to introduce a Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India is now nearly complete. The Dual GST Model will see the Central Government, 31 State Governments and 5 Union Territories levy and collect GST concurrently on a common tax base. The final hurdle was passed on 29 March when the lower house of the Union Parliament, Lok Sabha, approved the follow-up implementation related to the CGST Act, UTGST Act and IGST Act. Additionally, the act relating to compensation by the Centre to the States for possible revenue loss due to GST has also been passed. The 31 States will now follow suit in getting the SGST Acts passed in their respective State legislatures, based on the common template for the laws that was finalized with consensus among the Centre and the States. No further problem or delay is envisaged, particularly because the template was decided by the GST Council unanimously, and the council has representatives from all political parties ruling different states.
On 15 February, the Heritage Foundation published its annual report entitled, 2017 Index of Economic Freedom, comparing the performance of 186 economies. One key factor influencing the conclusions and rankings is the Tax Burden parameter of the Government Size performance measurement criterion.